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Bond is a loan given by the buyer to the issuer of the instrument. Bonds can be issued by companies, financial institutions, or even the government. Over and above the scheduled interest payments as and when applicable, the holder of a bond is entitled to receive the par value of the instrument at the specified maturity date.
The development of the bond market has brought about new innovations and features which are meant to meet the investor's demand.
One of the new varieties of bonds which has come up recently
is the Municipal offers initiated by the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation. The
similar bond offers from Bangalore Municipal Corporation, Hyderabad Municipal
Corporation and Pune Municipal Corporation are expected to hit the market in
the coming months.
India requires huge investment in coming years to build much
required infrastructure. Indian Government has accorded this sector high priority
status. World over infrastructure sector is funded by bonds. Following the same
trend Indian Financial Institutions like HUDCO, ICICI, IDBI etc. have issued
infrastructure sector specific bonds. Investment in these bonds, besides supporting
development of infrastructure projects, is also eligible for tax relief under
sections 54EA, 54EB and 88 of Income Tax Act.
A new era has recently opened for the small investor. This
segment is government bonds or gilt edge securities. They are now available
for public subscription. In the first serious thrust to create a retail base
for gilts six primary dealers have started selling these government bonds. Gilts
offers the highest safety and good liquidity.
Newer varieties of bonds have come up like:
Inflation Index Bonds